ACS (American Chemical Society) Reference Style [Part-1]

ACS is the standard citation style for chemistry.
ACS is the standard citation style for chemistry.
Aklima Sharmin
Written by Aklima Sharmin

Special Features and Examples of ACS Reference Style

1. ACS (American Chemical Society) Style

Special Features: ACS is the standard citation style for chemistry. In this style writers may cite references in text in three ways:

1. By superscript numbers, which appear outside the punctuation if the citation applies to a whole sentence or clause. Example- Oscillation in the reaction of benzaldehyde with oxygen was reported previously (3).

2. By italic numbers in parentheses on the line of text and inside the punctuation. Example- The mineralization of TCE by a pure culture of a methane-oxidizing organism has been reported (6).

3. By author name and year of publication in parentheses inside the punctuation (known as author–date). Example- The primary structure of this enzyme has also been determined (Finnegan et al., 2004).

Below here we found some example of ACS Style

Printed Materials
1. Book, one author: (Author, A.; Book Title; Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Pagination.)

Morris, R. The Last Sorcerers: The Path from Alchemy to the Periodic Table; Joseph Henry Press: Washington, DC, 2003; pp 145-158.

2. Book, two authors: (Author, A.; Author, B.; etc. Book Title; Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Pagination.)

Le Couteur, P.; Burreson, J. Napoleon’s Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History; Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam; New York, 2003; pp 32-47.

3. Book, 3+ authors / Book in a series: (Author, A.; Author, B.; etc. Chapter Title. In Book Title, Edition Number;  Editor, A., Editor B., Eds.; Series Information; Publisher: Place of  Publication, Year; Volume Number, Pagination.)

Holbrey, J. D.; Chen, J.; Turner, M. B.; Swatlpski, R. P.; Spear, S. K.; Rogers, R. D. Applying Ionic Liquids for Controlled Processing of Polymer Materials.  In Ionic Liquids in Polymer Systems: Solvents, Additives, and Novel Applications; Brazel, C. S., Rogers, R. D., Eds.; ACS Symposium Series 913; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2005: pp 71-88.
(N.B. if the whole book used as a reference we need to start at book title.)

4. Thesis or dissertation: [Author, A. Title of Thesis. Level of Thesis, Degree-Granting University, Location of University, Date of Completion.]

Mackel, H. Capturing the Spectra of Silicon Solar Cells. Ph.D. Thesis, The Australian National University, December 2004.

5. Scholarly Journal: [Author, A.; Author, B.; etc. Title of Article. Journal Abbreviation Year, Volume, Pagination. ]

Klinger, J. Influence of Pretreatment of Sodium Powder. Chem. Mater. 2005, 17, 2755-2768. Evans, D. A.; Fitch, D. M.; Smith, T. E.; Cee, V. J. Application of Complex Aldol Reactions to the Total Synthesis of Phorboxazole B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122.

Electronic document
6. From Internet- General Websites: [Author (if any). Title of Site. URL (accessed Month Day, Year), other identifying information (if any).]

ACS Publications Division Home Page. (accessed Nov 7, 2004).

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (accessed April 24, 2005).
(N.B. we should use the title found on the website itself and add the word “Home Page” for certification when needed.)

7. Article in a journal or magazine published monthly: [Place [Online] after the Journal Title or Abbreviation.  Add to end: URL (accessed Month Day, Year).]

Fine, L. Einstein Revisited. J. Chem. Educ. [Online] 2005, 82, 1601 ff. (accessed Oct 15, 2005).

8. Online Book: [Place [Online] after the Book Title.  Add to end: URL (accessed Month Day, Year).]

Tour, J.M. Molecular Electronics: Commercial Insights, Chemistry, Devices, Architecture and Programming [Online]; World Scientific: River Edge, NJ, 2003; pp 177-180. product_id=91422&piclist=19799,20141, 20153 (accessed Nov 7, 2004).

9. Periodical Article Retrieved from an Online Database: Place [Online] after the Journal Title or Abbreviation.  Add to end: Database Name. URL of top page (accessed Month Day, Year).  

Hallet, V. Scanning the Globe for Organic Chemistry. U.S. News and World Report [Online]. April 19, 2004, p 59. Business Source Premier. http://
(accessed April 24, 2005).

(This example is taken from the ACS Citation Style Example, 3rd edition, 2006)

[N.B. Hope the next article describe the reference style AGLC (Australian Guide to Legal Citation) Reference  Style ]

About the author

Aklima Sharmin

Aklima Sharmin

Aklima Sharmin is working as a Divisional Education Coordinator (Dhaka and Chittagong Area), World Vision Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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